In areas with short growing seasons, because winters are long and springs and summers are short, starting vegetables indoors can be a major benefit. It will allow you to grow some vegetable varieties that would be impossible if you waited to sow seed in the garden,
Fill small peat pots with commercial potting soil, to a quarter inch from the top. Peat pots are made from a natural, biodegradable substance and can be dropped into the soil in the garden. This is convenient and keeps the new seedling from any shock it might otherwise experience from transplanting.
Spray the soil lightly with a water mister to dampen the soil.
Push the seed down into the soil to the depth recommended on the back of the vegetable seed package. Every vegetable seed is different. However, the general rule is that the smaller the seed, the more shallow it is planted. Cover the seed hole with soil. Repeat this process with each peat pot.
Mark each pot with the vegetable planted.
Place all the peat pots into a non-porous tray (12 to 14 peat pots per tray). Pour a pint of water into the bottom of the tray.
Place the peat pot tray in front of a window that gets a lot of sun in a warm room. Add more water to the bottom of the tray, when it becomes dry. Mist the top of the soil, lightly, until the seeds germinate, then only add water to the tray. The peat pots will suck the water into the soil from the bottom.
Plant the seedlings outdoors when they are 2 to 3 inches tall and the last frost has finished, in your location. Create dirt rows in your vegetable garden by dragging your hoe in two parallel lines, while pushing the soil to the center. This will make two motes for watering. Dig holes, spacing them according to seed package manufacturer's directions, in the center dirt row. Drop the whole peat pot into the hole and pat the dirt around the seedling to secure it. Repeat this process for each peat pot seedling. Water your garden by filling the motes with water. When the mote is dry, an inch down into the soil at the bottom, it's time to water again.