How to Plant & Support Grape Plants

Overview

Grapes will grow in many different climate zones. They grow on vines and need to be supported to keep the fruit off the ground. Although you can grow grapes on trellises, a very easy way to plant and grow grapes is with a two-wire support. Grapes suited for your climate zone will winter over well. It is important that you talk with a nursery or your county agricultural extension service when selecting your grape seedlings.

Step 1

Plant the young grape plants at the same depth as the pots from the nursery. Plant the young vines in the spring after the risk of frost has passed, six to eight feet apart.

Step 2

Spread the roots out as wide as possible without breaking them.

Step 3

Use the shovel to dig a hole the width of the spread roots and deep enough to allow the soil to reach the same point on the cane as the soil in the nursery pot. Augment your soil with about 30 percent organic material, such as compost or dried leaves, if your soil has a heavy clay component.

Step 4

Use the pruners to remove all but the strongest cane. Pruning the weaker canes will allow more growth energy to transfer to the strongest cane.

Step 5

Tie the cane to a stake to direct its growth upward.

Step 6

Dig three foot holes every four to five feet behind the young grape plants. Put 8-foot-long two-by-fours in the holes and bury them so that five feet of them is above the ground.

Step 7

Use the staple gun to attach a stout wire at 36 inches above ground on the posts. Staple another wire at the top of the posts.

Step 8

When the grape plant reaches the top wire, begin wiring the new runners to the wire. Prune off any growth from the cane that isn't wired to one of the wires. The runners on the wires will continue to grow and develop.

Things You'll Need

  • Young grape plants
  • Shovel
  • Stakes
  • 8-foot-long two-by-fours
  • Pruners
  • Wire
  • Staple gun

References

  • University of Minnesota Extension
  • The Essential Garden Guides
  • Gardening News
Keywords: grape cultivation, grape supports, growing grapes

About this Author

Christopher Earle is a freelance writer based in Denver, Colo. He has been writing since 1987 and has written for NPR, The Associated Press, the Boeing Company, Ford New Holland, Microsoft, Active Voice, RAHCO International and Umax Data Systems. He studied creative writing at Mankato State University in Minnesota.