Putting together your hanging plant basket arrangements requires more than just deciding what plants to use. The soil, the type of foliage planted in it and the style of basket you are using must all be considered. Hanging baskets allow you to decorate a deck or can be hung from a shepherd's hook in your lawn amongst your other landscaping designs. Assembling them carefully gives them the proper look and ensures the plants will remain healthy all season.
Choose a sturdy plastic or wire basket for your arrangement. Check that plastic baskets have drainage holes. If not, drill four ½ inch diameter holes in the bottom of the basket.
Soak the moss or coconut coir liner from wire baskets in a bucket of warm water overnight. Squeeze out the excess water and place it back in the basket.
Fill the basket, whether plastic or wire, with a light potting mix. Use a commercially prepared mix or make your own by combining 1 part peat moss, 1 part compost and 1 part coarse sand. Fill the basket to within 1 inch of the rim.
Moisten the soil evenly throughout. Water until water just starts to drain from the bottom of the basket.
Plant taller plants in the middle of the basket and shorter or trailing plants around the edges. This gives a nice, mounded appearance to the basket. Space plants approximately 4 inches apart in the basket unless growing a single, large plant.
Water a second time to collapse any air pockets in the soil around the plant roots. Add more soil if necessary after watering to ensure plants are at the same depth they were at in their nursery pots.
Fertilize plants with a balanced liquid fertilizer every two weeks in spring and summer. Mix the fertilizer with an equal amount of water to dilute it to half strength before applying.