Peaches originated in China and have been grown for thousands of years. In North America, peaches have thrived for several hundred years. Peaches grow throughout the state of Colorado, and particularly in the central region of Colorado near the area of Palisade, where several hundred peach orchards thrive. Pruning peach trees is essential for their health and growth, is a simple process and does not require specialized horticulture skills.
Use your spade to dig a few inches into the ground where the peach tree is planted to inspect the soil conditions. Colorado soil is very dry, and dry soil can lead to a lack of nutrition in your peach tree, causing dead branches and additional pruning.
Add 2 cups of nutrient-rich soil or fertilizer to the soil around your peach tree. This will moisten the dry Colorado soil, and keep peach tree branches from drying out.
Remove all dead, rotting fruit, leaves and broken twigs that have fallen to the ground underneath the tree, as these items attract insects and birds that spread disease to your peach tree.
Use your pruning shears to cut all broken branches from your tree. When pruning, cut the broken branches off as close to the main branch as possible.
Dispose of cut branches.
For larger peach trees where crowding has become an issue, cut the smaller fruit-bearing branches found on opposite sides and in proximity to larger branches. Fruit should not be touching each other on any of the branches.
Check your peach tree during the second season of growth. Ensure that no branches are growing in a vertical direction (peach branches should grow at slanted angles). Prune any branches growing straight up.
Use or give away any pruned fruit-bearing branches from your peach tree. Peaches make excellent gift baskets for friends and neighbors.