Indoor Flowers and Plants That Do Not Need Light

Houseplants and office plants have unique conditions. The air is drier and there is less natural light than outdoors. But indoor flowers and plants must get less light than outdoor ones in order to survive indoors, and must be root-bound in a container. Given those criteria, there are still many choices for plants and flowers that can successfully grow indoors.

Windowleaf

Windowleaf, or Monstera deliciosa, is from the Araceae, or arum, family. It is an evergreen perennial. Vines can reach 70 feet in length with an 8-12 inch inflorescence. Tiny flowers go to fragrant fruits that look like corn on the cob but green. Plant a windowleaf in half shade if outdoors and water if soil dries out. Propagate via stem cuttings.

Partridge Berry

Partridge Berry, or Mitchella repens, is from the Rubiaceae, or madder, family. It is a fragrant evergreen perennial. Dark green leaves are under an inch long with the entire plant only reaching 2 inches tall. Vine like stems can get 12 inches or longer. Pinkish white flowers are in summer and funnel shaped. Plant in acidic soil in dappled to partial shade if outdoors. Propagate via separated stems.

Flame Nettle

Flame Nettle, or Coleus x hybridus, is from the Lamiaceae/Labiatae, or mint, family. It is an easy and fast growing perennial or annual depending on the cultivar. Height ranges from 1 to 6 feet tall. Velvety leaves are 1 to 8 inches long in cream, white, pink, red, yellow, or maroon hues. Flowers are blue or lavender. Plant a flame nettle in well drained soil in shade to bright sun if outdoors, put in a window if indoors. Propagate via cuttings.

Spider Plant

Spider Plant or Chlorophytum comosum, is from the Liliaceae, or lily, family. It is a fast and easy growing perennial. Green leaves are 8 to 16 inches long with small white flowers that become small seed capsules. Plant a spider plant in any light, in any soil, with any non freezing temperature whether indoors or outdoors. Propagate this plant via "baby spider plants" that are on the stalks or divide the root mass.

Asparagus Fern

Asparagus Fern, or Protasparagus densiflorus, is from the Liliaceae, or lily, family. It is an easy and fast growing evergreen, drought resistant, and a perennial. It will have 2 to 6 feet long stems that are feathery and reach 2 to 3 feet tall. Small white flowers are under an inch long. Later it will have red berries. Plant an asparagus fern outdoors in good light but not direct sun with regular watering. Indoors it will do fine. Propagate via seed or root mass division.

Bamboo Palm

Bamboo Palm, or chamaedorea seifrizii, is from the Arecacea/Palmae, or Palm, family. It is an evergreen. This palm gets 7 feet tall with about 10 to 15 fronds per stem. Flowers are dull yell and the fruits are orange/red berries. Plant a bamboo palm in well drained soil in low indoor light or slight sunlight. Propagate via seed, suckers or offshoots.

Keywords: houseplants, office plants, indoor flowers and plants

About this Author

Tina Samuels has been a full-time freelance writer for more than 10 years, concentrating on health and gardening topics, and a writer for 20 years. She has written for "Arthritis Today," "Alabama Living," and "Mature Years," as well as online content. She has one book, “A Georgia Native Plant Guide,” offered through Mercer University; others are in development.