How to Care for Rose Trees & Plants

Overview

Many people consider growing roses to be difficult. They're actually very easy to grow. By starting with a young, healthy plant variety that will do well in your growing zone, you are well on your way to healthy roses. With simple care, roses can produce blooms for many years.

Step 1

Prune your roses in the spring after the leaf buds have appeared. Use a pair of good concave pruners to cut twiggy or excessive growth about a quarter inch above the buds. Remove any dead woody branches or branches that cross.

Step 2

Feed your roses early in the spring as soon as leaf buds appear. A good time for the first feeding is at the time you prune your roses. Clear away any mulch around the roses and add about one tablespoon of rose fertilizer per plant.

Step 3

Water your roses regularly. Never let them dry out between waterings. An average rose bush needs four to five gallons of water per week. The exact amount of water will depend on the type of soil your roses are growing in. Harder clay soils need less water and sandy soils often may need more.

Step 4

Remove flowers that are past their prime. A dying rose blossom requires that the bush expend energy. By removing blossoms that are past their prime, the bush will have more energy to produce new roses.

Step 5

Mulch the roses in the winter. This will help keep the soil moist and will help retain soil heat, resulting in earlier leaf and flower buds.

Step 6

Ensure that the roses have enough light. Roses thrive in full sun. If you have a tree or bush that is starting to shade your roses, consider pruning the tree or bush back to allow as much sun as possible for the roses.

Things You'll Need

  • Established rose bush or tree
  • Concave pruning shears
  • Rose food

References

  • Backyard Gardener: 7 Steps Toward Success With Roses
  • Rose Gardening Made Easy: Caring for Rose Bushes
  • Gardening Know How: Caring for Rose Bushes

Who Can Help

  • Gardening Planting: Rose Care
Keywords: rose care, rose bushes, rose trees

About this Author

Christopher Earle is a freelance writer based in Denver, Colo. He has been writing since 1987 and has written for NPR, The Associated Press, the Boeing Company, Ford New Holland, Microsoft, Active Voice, RAHCO International and Umax Data Systems. He studied creative writing at Mankato State University in Minnesota.