Peonies have eye-catching fragrant blooms and can live for decades. Bare root peonies refer to the plant's tubers, which have had all the dirt removed from them. The bare roots resemble sweet potatoes that taper at one end. On the opposite end you will see eyes. These sprout when the bare root peonies are in a warm, humid atmosphere. As soon as you receive your bare root peonies from your supplier, check to make sure they are firm and free from mildew or mold. Bare root peonies that have sprouted should be planted immediately.
Rehydrate the bare roots by placing them in water in a bucket for two to four hours.
Dig a hole in a sunny location in your garden. The hole should be only slightly deeper than the height of the tubers. Widen the hole to at least twice the width of the bare roots.
Place the bare root peony in the ground with the eyes facing the sky. If you live in a mild region, leave less than 1 inch between the soil surface and the eyes. Leave 2 inches between the top of the tubers and the soil surface in colder regions further north.
Cover the bare root peonies with soil. Water well and regularly until the first hard frost. It is not necessary to water during the winter.
Spread 1 to 2 inches of mulch over your newly planted bare root peony after the first frost. Colder zones require more mulch, while milder zones need less.