Fig trees can be propagated from a cutting, making it easy to give a fellow gardener a rooted cutting from your favorite fig tree. Take cuttings in late winter or early spring. If the ground is still frosty, store fig cuttings in a plastic storage bag in the refrigerator until the temperatures heat up. Or, if you are impatient to get your fig plant growing, root them early but keep your newly planted cutting indoors or in a warm, humid greenhouse for the first couple of weeks.
Cut an 8- to 10-inch long branch from your fig tree with sharp pruning shears. The cutting should be about the width of a pencil or your little finger.
Select a 6-inch planting pot with drainage holes in the bottom so water will not collect around the plant's roots.
Cover the bottom holes with pieces of pottery or line the pot with newspaper so the pot can drain without allowing soil to escape.
Fill the bottom 2 inches of the pot with rich compost or potting soil. Mix in a little coarse sand to improve drainage.
Hold the cutting in the center of the pot so that it is standing straight up and the bottom is resting on the 2-inch layer of potting soil mix.
Fill the pot with soil. The lower 4 inches of your fig cutting should be covered with soil.
Water the pot thoroughly. You can even submerge the pot in water to make sure the soil is saturated. After the initial watering, let the soil dry out before watering again. Press two fingers into the soil to determine when more moisture is needed.
Move the fig plant outdoors once the temperature reaches a constant 70 degrees F. If the temperature fluctuates, bring the plant indoors at night or on cool days.
Plant the cutting in the ground after four to six weeks, when the fig cutting is showing signs of vigorous growth, temperatures have warmed and the threat of frost has passed.
Water the cutting throughout the summer. Do not let it dry out. Keep the area moist, but not soggy. Figs do not like standing water around their roots.