The almond tree (Prunus dulcis or P. amygdalus) is a perennial shrub of the Rose family and native to Asia. The almond tree produces seasonal flowers and almonds, which are categorized as "stone fruits" but eaten as nuts. Almonds are used for their medicinal properties and eaten for their nutritional benefits. Almond trees are low-maintenance and grow well in the right climates.
Till the soil where you plan to plant the almond tree. Make sure the soil is well-draining. Amend the soil with sand to help with drainage if needed. Add a phosphorous-rich fertilizer at planting time, which should be in the fall or early spring.
Dig a hole that is the same depth and diameter as the roots of the almond tree. Loosen the soil. Place the almond tree's roots into the hole and backfill with the displaced soil.
Insert two garden stakes that are at least 6 feet high on either side of the young almond tree. Tie strong ropes connecting the tree to both stakes. This will support the tree and protect it against strong winds.
Water your almond tree lightly once per week, watering evenly around the roots. Shallow-water the tree more often as needed, especially during dry times. Moisten, but do not soak, the soil, as almond trees cannot tolerate wet soils.
Shake the tree to collect the almonds in mid-September when they almonds are ripe and the hulls begin to split. To store the almonds, remove the outer shell and skin, and spread the almonds in a single layer on a tray to dry.
Inspect almond trees regularly for aphids and caterpillars. Aphids stunt the tree's growth, and caterpillars feed on the almond tree's flowers. Use a liquid organic pesticide to get rid of aphids or spray the almond tree with insecticidal soaps to eliminate caterpillars.