Hardy bamboo is a large fast growing grass. It will grow well in sun or shade, although it prefers full sun. Bamboo thrives in sandy soil but will do fine in clay or wet earth. As long as the roots are not in standing water, bamboo will flourish. Use bamboo for a natural screen or create a lush bamboo forest. The best time to transplant bamboo is in the spring so that by winter the plant is well established and able to withstand freezing temperatures.
Dig straight down at the edge of a bamboo plant using a sharp shovel. Pull the shovel back and leverage out a large clump of bamboo.
Dig a hole in the earth where you want to transplant your hardy bamboo. The hole should be only slightly larger then the root ball you have dug up.
Plant clumping kinds of bamboo directly into the ground. For non-clumping varieties it is best to plant them in buried containers to prevent this fast-growing grass from taking over.
Sprinkle a handful of grass fertilizer in the bottom of the prepared hole before placing the bamboo in the ground.
Plant the bamboo clump at the same depth as it was in its original place. Cover the root ball but leave the stalks exposed.
Water thoroughly every day for the first week after transplanting your hardy bamboo. After the first week, water once a week or when the earth seems dry to the touch.
Dig a long trench or several holes a foot or two apart in a row if you want to create a natural screen. Plant one clump of bamboo every foot along the trench and fill in the soil around it.