Bird of paradise is a tropical flowering plant that is native to South Africa and has a flower that resembles the head of a bird. The plant forms a clump of stiff stalks with brightly colored shoots of flowers that reach a height of 3 to 5 feet. Bird of paradise can be transplanted in late spring through early summer; however flowering may delay for one to two years until the new root system is established. Propagate the plant by dividing the root structure when you transplant, if desired.
Dig 6 inches out from the bird of paradise plant and deep enough to enclose most of the root structure while digging the root ball.
Divide the plant once the root ball is removed from the ground if desired. Divide plant clumps of four to five shoots into a single stem division.
Move the plant or divisions to a soil location that is nutrient rich and well draining. Work compost into the new planting location to increase moisture retention and nutrient content.
Dig a hole that is the two to three times as wide as the root ball and the same depth as the plant was previously growing. Add a layer of compost at the bottom of the hole.
Place the transplant or divisions into the hole and gently pack an even mixture of soil and compost around the roots.
Water the plant regularly until the roots become established; this may take up to three months. Continue to water regularly to keep the soil moist, but not wet, during the hot summer months. Reduce the amount of water during the winter season.
Apply organic mulch around the base of the plant leaving a 2- to 3-inch open space between the stem and the start of the mulch. Mulch placed against the stem will increase the possibility of stem rot in the plant.
Fertilize bird of paradise with a slow release complete plant fertilizer once the root system is developed in the new location. Apply fertilizer every three months during the growing season.