Bitter melon is a fruit that has been used in Asian countries for hundreds of years. Like the name implies, this fruit has a very bitter taste, but is possesses medicinal qualities. Bitter melon can be used to treat diabetes, improve eyesight, boost the immune system and even cure a hangover. Because of all these benefits, many people are starting to grow bitter melon in their own gardens.
Soak the seeds in a small container filled with water for one day or until the seeds start to swell noticeably.
Prepare a spot in the garden. Bitter melons require rich, healthy soil, so mix at least a one square-foot area of soil with compost to add nutrients. Make the ratio of soil to compost half and half for best results.
Set up a trellis directly beside the planting site. Bitter melon vines can grow as long as 6 feet, so it would be best if the trellis was at least that tall.
Plant the seeds after they are finished soaking. Place each seed a foot apart and bury them half an inch beneath the soil.
Water the planting site once every morning for the duration of the plant's life.
Spread hay around the plant once it starts to grow. The vines of the plant can die if they sit in wet soil for long periods of time. The hay will keep the plant from directly contacting the soil.
Tie the plant to the trellis once it gets 2 inches tall, or tall enough that you can easily tie it to the trellis. It's best to leave the ties a little loose so that the plant has room to grow.
Continue tying the vine to the trellis every 6 inches as the plant grows. Eventually the vine will wrap itself around the trellis, eliminating the need for additional ties.