Fig trees grow well in many temperate climates around the world. While it is possible to grow them from seed, it is a long and challenging process. Making new fig trees from the cuttings of an existing tree, however, is easy for most gardeners and ensures that the "baby" tree is an exact copy of the "parent."
Cut new growth branch tips from an established fig tree. The best time for cutting is in the winter when growth has slowed and the tree is dormant. New growth will be soft and pliable. Cut the tip approximately 6 inches long on a 45 degree angle. Cut 20% more tips than finished trees desired to account for rooting failures.
Fill 6-inch diameter plastic pots with sterile planting medium that can be found at almost all nurseries and garden stores. Water the planting medium thoroughly several times to ensure that it is well-drenched.
Dip the cut tips of the fig cuttings into rooting hormone powder and tap off the excess. The powder will cling to the fig sap that will be leaking from the cut.
Plant the cuttings into the pots, using one cutting per pot. Bury the cut tip 2 inches into the wet potting medium and press gently around the base of the cutting with your fingers to compact the soil slightly and remove any air pockets.
Cut the bottom from a clear 2-liter soda pop bottle and place the bottle over the cutting, pressing the bottle into the soil. Keep the soda pop cap off of the bottle to allow air circulation. This cover will stay on for approximately 4 weeks until the cutting has developed roots.
Water the fig cuttings daily around the base of the cover. Make sure that the soil is completely damp at all times until the cuttings establish their own root system. You will be able to tell when this has occurred as new growth will be visible at the tip of the cutting.
Transfer the new fig trees outside in the spring after all chance of frost is gone. The trees can be planted in the ground when they reach a foot tall.