You can achieve a lush, healthy lawn by seeding the yard yourself in the spring or fall seasons. It can require some time and patience but is less expensive then laying sod. When planting grass seed, it is important to keep in mind that for the lawn to grow successfully you need to protect the seed with a material like mulch.
Use a rake over the area of soil where you want to lay grass seed. You want to loosen up the top 2 to 3 inches of soil, removing any rocks or large root pieces during the process. Smooth the area with the rake one more time before planting to make sure it is even.
Lay grass seed over the soil in a thick, even coat with your hands, making sure the seed falls everywhere you want grass to grow.
Use a rake over the entire planting area to integrate the seed evenly into the soil. You can use a lawn roller, which presses the seed into the soil, for larger areas.
Use a finely shredded mulch as a layer over the grass seed to protect it from foraging animals, insulate it from cool nights or hot days and retain moisture. Use a shaking motion with your hands to place the mulch in a 1/2-inch layer.
Water the lawn generously after applying the mulch layer. Ideally, you should use an irrigation system, but you can also use a soft-spray nozzle hose or sprinkler. You don't want to create any puddles, but you want the water to seep deeply into the ground, about 6 inches (about 10 to 15 minutes). From here on, water the grass seed two times a day for the first 2 weeks: once in the morning and then again in the afternoon.