How to Propagate a Pecan Tree


The pecan tree is native to North America and can live up to 300 years. Growing a pecan tree requires warm summer temperatures (between 75 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit), a chilly winter and lots of patience as you won't get any pecans from the tree for at least five years. Pecan trees need lots of sunshine and plenty of water, especially during the growing season, April to October. The pecan tree is hardy to USDA Zones 6 to 9.

Step 1

Stratify the pecan seeds in early January. Wrap the seeds in moist peat moss, and seal them in a plastic bag. Place the bag in the refrigerator, and leave it for 10 weeks.

Step 2

Remove the seeds from the refrigerator, and allow them to warm to room temperature for one week.

Step 3

Soak the seeds in water for two days, or until they split.

Step 4

Amend the soil in the planting area by digging up the soil to a depth of 12 inches, turning it and crushing any large clods of dirt. Add a four-inch layer of compost and a two-inch layer of peat moss and mix well. Level the site with a rake and water deeply.

Step 5

Plant the seeds sideways, four inches deep and six inches apart. Add a layer of mulch; either leaves or lawn clippings will work fine.

Things You'll Need

  • Pecan seeds
  • Plastic zip-lock bag
  • Water
  • Shovel
  • Compost
  • Peat moss
  • Mulch


  • Texas A&M University
  • Auburn University

Who Can Help

  • University of Florida
Keywords: propagating pecan trees, growing nuts, germinating pecan seeds

About this Author

Victoria Hunter, a former broadcaster and real estate agent, has provided audio and written services to both small businesses and large corporations. Hunter is a freelance writer specializing in the real estate industry. She devotes her spare time to her other passions: gardening and cooking. Hunter holds a Bachelor of Arts in English/creative writing.