Hyacinth is a flowering perennial native to western Asia. The plant grows from a bulb and produces flowers during spring and summer that can be white, pink, purple or blue in color. Hyacinth typically grows to about 12 inches in height and is commonly planted in flower beds for its ornamental blossoms. Hyacinth plants are easy to grow in temperate regions and require only routine care and maintenance to thrive.
Plant hyacinth between October and December in a location that receives full, direct sunlight. Allow at least 5 inches between other hyacinth plantings. Spread 1 inch of organic compost over the planting site and use a garden tiller to incorporate into the soil to increase fertility and drainage.
Spread a 1-inch layer of mulch over the soil surrounding hyacinth plants to increase moisture retention and to suppress the growth of weeds. Begin the mulch about 2 inches from the base of each planting to allow room for adequate air circulation.
Water your hyacinth plants once a week during the spring and summer months. Cease watering in late summer after blooming has ended to ensure the bulb does not rot. Resume normal watering once new growth emerges the following spring.
Feed hyacinth plant once a year with a top dressing of organic compost. Apply during early fall just after growth has ended. Spread about 1 inch of the compost over the soil and as it decomposes, the nutrients will be released.
Remove all foliage from hyacinth plants in late fall after it has begun to yellow. Cut off the leaves as close to the base of the plant as possible to minimize damage, and an increased number of flowers and foliage will form the following growing season.