While fig trees can be propagated in a variety of ways, the most effective and common propagation method is to use cuttings. Cuttings can be taken from the branches of the fig tree canopy. Fig cuttings root quickly and easily and, once rooted, can be transplanted into a container or directly into the ground.
Cut away pieces of the plant that are 3 to 6 inches long and have a thickness between that of a pencil and that of a finger. Make sure that the fig cuttings contain some of the wood from the previous year and are not all new wood for the best results.
Line the bottoms of individual planters with newspaper. Add enough potting soil to the planters to allow the cuttings to stand upright. Place one to four cuttings in each planter, fill the planters the rest of the way up with potting soil and water the soil until moist.
Place the planters in a bright warm place that does not receive direct sunlight. The cuttings will root most effectively in temperatures above 70 degrees F.
Water the cuttings only when the soil is completely dry. Set each planter in a pan of water and let it draw the water up into the roots.
Once three to five leaves have emerged on each sprout, transplant the rooted fig cuttings directly into the ground or into larger pots. Use a balanced fertilizer, such as 8-8-8 around the base of the new fig plant to encourage growth.