The fig tree is a large deciduous shrub, or tree, native to southwest Asia. The Mission fig is high in calcium, magnesium, potassium and fiber. Because of its high sugar content, the fig does not transport well, so most figs sold in stores are dried. If your fig tree doesn't bear fruit its first year, it most likely will in the second or third. Some fig trees, however, are barren. Take your cuttings in late winter or early spring. This tree thrives in dry, warm climates and is hardy to USDA zones 7a to 10b.
Remove a six-inch piece of old wood from the fig tree, cutting at an angle. Make sure that you cut just below a node (where the leaf is attached) when removing it from the tree. Remove any leaves from the branch.
Store the cutting in a sealed plastic bag in the refrigerator until the weather is warm enough to plant (at least 70 degrees F. in the daytime).
Scrape the bark at the bottom one fourth of the cutting, in several places, until you can see the white part of the branch.
Dip the cutting into the rooting hormone and tap gently on the side of the jar to remove any excess powder.
Poke a hole in the soil using a pencil, and place the cutting into the hole until only one inch is above the soil. Backfill with the planting medium, pressing the soil firmly around the base of the cutting.
Water the cutting well. Allow the top one inch of the soil to dry out between waterings.
Place the potted cutting in a sunny area that is 75 degrees F. or warmer in the daytime and between 60 and 65 degrees F. at night.