Ingredients of Lawn Fertilizer

Commercial lawn fertilizers can be time released, which are best used on already established lawns, or slow releasing, which release nutrients for up to three months. A third type of fertilizer is called a soluble, and is often added to the lawn on a monthly or weekly basis, followed by hand watering. Regardless of the type of commercial lawn fertilizer you use, make sure that it contains the three basic ingredients for lush, green growth.

Phosphorous

Phosphorous, designated on fertilizer bags as "P," is essential for proper root development. The University of Vermont Extension Department of Plant and Soil Science states that a balance of phosphorous is necessary for proper root development, and is usually designated as the second number in fertilizer ingredients, such as 5-3-4. That means five parts nitrogen, three parts phosphorous and four parts potassium.

Nitrogen

Nitrogen, the first letter in most lawn fertilizer formulas and designated with the letter "N," is essential in promoting growth of lush, green lawns. Nitrogen puts the green in your lawn in the form of chlorophyll, vital for the process of photosynthesis. Nitrogen is also valuable in encouraging new growth.

Potassium

Potassium, denoted by the letter "K" (the chemical symbol for potassium) on lawn fertilizers, is responsible for health and disease resistance in lawns. Potassium also contains components that encourage grass blades to grow tall and strong.

Micronutrients

Most lawn fertilizers also contain varying amounts of micronutrients, which include manganese, zinc, iron, boron and sulfur. Manganese is also vital for photosynthesis, and zinc is necessary for reproduction and growth. Sulfur helps to balance the pH level of soils and break down nitrogen, while iron is directly related to chlorophyll and the deep green of a healthy lawn.

Keywords: lawn care, fertilize lawns, fertilizer micronutrients

About this Author

Denise Wang is an experienced freelance writer and editor. She has written professionally for six years, and is a published fiction author. She regularly provides content for health-related and elder-care care websites. She is currently completing coursework for a degree in Health Information Management from Penn Foster College.