Fruit trees make an ideal addition to any garden, whether it is citrus, apple, plum, peach or avocado, to name a few. It is necessary to prune fruit trees in order to encourage healthy growth and maximum fruit production.
Prune new fruit trees so that there are around three or four main strong branches. Too many large branches on a new fruit tree can make the fruit tree's roots work extra hard to bring water to all the branches. Having smaller, less productive branches on the tree drains energy away from overall fruit production.
Prune off all fruit that grows during the first season of your fruit tree, if any.
Prune the fruit tree into a funnel shape to help sunlight reach more of the branches consistently. This will also help prevent the development of lower, less productive branches.
Do the majority of the pruning each year in the early spring. Clip off any dead, broken or diseased branches first, cutting back to where the branch meets the trunk. Along with shaping the fruit tree, this is the only pruning you should do.