How to Grow Elberta Semi-Dwarf Peach Trees


The Elberta Semi-Dwarf Peach tree is a popular self-pollinating fruit tree due to its juicy, sweet peaches. The tree is also a lovely addition to a yard, with purplish-white flowers in the early spring and a heavy crop of peaches in the late summer. Despite being a somewhat adaptable tree, the Elberta Semi-Dwarf is not ideal for all climates and needs certain conditions in order to produce the bumper crop of fruit that it can offer at its full potential.

Step 1

Plant your Elberta Semi-Dwarf Peach tree in fertile, well-drained soil. The exact soil composition is not important, because these trees will flourish in most soil types. Choose a location that receives at least 6-8 hours of direct, full sunlight every day.

Step 2

Space your Elberta Peach trees to allow for an 8- to 10-foot spread. These trees will grow up to 14 feet in height.

Step 3

Water your trees regularly. Elberta Peach trees are not drought-tolerant, so water them generously at least once per week and more often as needed during dry conditions in the summer. Apply a commercial fertilizer for fruit trees.

Step 4

Prune and thin your trees to retain a certain size and maintain health. The Elberta Peach tree grows fast, so you'll need to prune the tree liberally at least once each year, removing old buds and thinning non-fruiting branches.

Step 5

Harvest the peaches when they ripen in August or early September. Harvest can occur as early as mid-July in warmer climates. These trees are heavy producers, so you'll need to be prepared to do some canning around harvest time.

Tips and Warnings

  • Don't expect your semi-dwarf peach tree to grow well if your area frequently gets late frosts in the spring. Although the Elberta is hardy down to -10 to -20 degrees Fahrenheit, these trees tend to bloom early. Avoid over-fertilizing with a nitrogen-based compound. The excess nitrogen will increase foliage growth while decreasing fruit production.

Things You'll Need

  • Pruning shears
  • Hose or watering can
  • Fertilizer


  • Elberta -- Prunus persica 'Elberta'
  • Peach, Elberta Prunus persica

Who Can Help

  • Peach -- July (Kim) Elberta (Semi-dwarf)
Keywords: Elberta Semi-Dwarf Peach tree, Elberta peach tree care, growing semi-dwarf peach trees

About this Author

Sarah Terry brings 10 years of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters, and a plethora of how-to articles. Terry has written articles and publications for a wide range of markets and subject matters, including Medicine & Health, Eli Financial, Dartnell Publications and Eli Journals.