Carnations are a flower in the genus Dianthus. They are available in a wide variety of colors and can grow to be as tall as 3 feet. In warmer climates, carnations are available year round, making them a popular choice for florists.
Calyx is the green outer layer of the buds. It protects the petals from pests during formation and in some varieties take on a petal-like appearance as the bud opens.
The corolla is the flower's petals. The corolla is meant to attract pollinating animals such as bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. The petals are typically very soft and thin and occasionally fragrant.
The androecium is comprised of the flower's male reproductive organs, the stamen and anther. This is where the plant's pollen is produced.
The gynoecium is comprised of the plant's female reproductive parts, the ovary and the female gametes. Pollinating animals will drop pollen from other carnation flowers into the gynoecium where it will combine with the ovary and produce seeds.