The best fast-growing trees for a natural fence on your property can be evergreen or deciduous and may grow in full sun or partial shade. One tree that made the list will grow well in sandy, clay, moist or well-drained soils. Select the best tree for your space based on the location of your fence and on your privacy requirements.
Bamboo is the fastest growing plant on the planet; some species grow up to 50 inches daily while others only grow up to 6 inches each day. This natural resource is a smart, inexpensive and readily available choice for fencing your property. Most species of bamboo spread through the roots or rhizomes by either clumping or running. Select the variety of bamboo for your living fence based on the growth rate and the desired density of your fence line.
Create a natural fence with the fast-growing Leyland cypress trees. This evergreen beauty is covered with foliage from the ground up, and can grow at a rate of 3 feet per year if planted in full sun and well-drained soil. Leyland cypress trees can reach a mature height of 60 to 70 feet with a mature spread of 15 to 25 feet. Hardy in zones 6 through 10, the blue -green foliage that covers the tree year-round will remind you of a Christmas tree.
Lombardy poplar trees can grow up to 6 feet in 1 year, making them a good choice if you need to create a fast, natural fence for privacy, noise blockage or a windbreak. The mature height is 40 to 60 feet and the mature spread is 10 to 15 feet. Lombardy poplars are deciduous, meaning they lose their leaves in the late fall. Plant them in full sun in soil that drains well. Water your Lombardy poplar trees frequently and fertilize them regularly for maximum longevity.
Thuja Green Giant
The Thuja Green Giant is the fastest growing evergreen tree available with growth rates up to 5 feet per year once it becomes established. This majestic tree is drought tolerant, resists insects and diseases and grows to a mature row height of 20 feet. The mature spread is 5 feet if you plant them in a row for a natural fence line. The foliage is thick, compact and covers the tree from the ground up.
Create a thick evergreen hedge with American holly planted as a natural fence along your property line. American holly grows rapidly with dense foliage that spreads up to 6 feet. Plant American holly trees in full to partial sun in moist or drained soil and the mature trees can reach a height of 20 to 30 feet. Hardy in zones 5 through 9, the trees produce creamy white flowers in the spring.