Potted plants in an office must be able to thrive in low-light situations and have low water and fertilizer requirements. They also need to be odor free and take up a small amount of space. Potted plants can make your office feel like a friendlier place and help its air quality.
Pothos ivy (Epipremnum aureumis) is a common houseplant that spreads by runners. It can grow in a vase of water, but prefers damp potting soil. It thrives when given half-strength soluble fertilizer every few weeks. It has heart-shaped, variegated leaves. The stems can be pruned to any length, and they are easily rooted to produce new plants by sticking them in moist soil. It will survive even without any natural light, making it ideal for a windowless office.
Ficus (Ficus benjamina) is a tree that can grow in low light. However, it will drop leaves if you change the light situation dramatically, such as moving the tree away from a bright window. Ficus can reach 15 feet or more in height but responds well to pruning. It likes to be root bound, so it will not need frequent repotting.
Rubber plant (Ficus elastica) grows slowly in low light. It has broad dark green leaves and creates a tropical atmosphere. It responds well to regular light applications of water soluble fertilizer and can be pruned for shape as often as needed.
Spider plant (Chlorophytum comosum) produces aerial roots that can be broken off and planted to create new plants. It responds well to moisture and light fertilization. Spider plant does require some natural light, though it can be low light. It is known to be one of the best plants to improve air quality, according to a 1989 study by NASA and the Associated Landscape Contractors of America.