Loquat trees are an evergreen plum related to the apple, peach and pear tree. The tree is native to Eastern Asia and Japan and considered an allergy safe plant for low pollen production. Loquat trees grow a short trunk and reach a height of 20 to 35 feet with an upright canopy that spreads 10 to 15 feet. The loquat tree blooms in late fall and produce fruit that are smaller than 2 inches in diameter. The fruit is eaten or used for desserts and jelly.
Growing a Loquat Tree
Choose a tree that is contained in a 3-gallon container and stands 2 to 4 feet in height. Larger trees or smaller containers may have a root-bound tree, which will not grow correctly once planted.
Find a location to plant the loquat plum tree that has full sun conditions, a well-draining soil and is located away from other trees and building structures. Planting on a south or southeast side of a home will provide winter and cold protection.
Water the root ball thoroughly several days prior to planting. Remove 1 to 2 inches of soil from the top and sides of the root ball so the roots are in direct contact with the soil. Place the tree in a hole that is as deep as the root ball and gently pack the soil around the roots.
Water the root ball thoroughly after planting and every 3 to 4 days for the week following planting. Continue watering weekly until the tree becomes established. Water mature loquat trees regularly to keep the soil moist during fruit development or when rainfall is sparse.
Fertilize the tree one month after planting with a 6-6-6 young tree fertilizer. Fertilize three times during the growing season the year after planting with a foliar fertilizer mix. Water the tree thoroughly after each application to promote absorption.
Place mulch around the tree in a 2- to 3-foot diameter to prevent vegetation from competing with the tree.