The bamboo plant is a hardy forest grass. This perennial grass has more than 1200 variations many of which bloom regularly. The bamboo plant develops thick, sturdy stalks that produce large, glossy green foliage. This rapidly growing plant can reach up to eight feet tall at maturity. Though many variations of the bamboo are cluster forming, these plants can spread quickly and may require frequent repotting.
Plant the bamboo plant in nutrient rich, well drained soil. Ensure that the selected container includes a generous drainage system to allow excess soil to exit from the bottom of the container. Though organic matter is not required, consider mixing the soil with one third organic compost to promote increased moisture levels and drainage.
Position the bamboo plant in location that provides at least five to six hours of sunlight each day. Select an area that provides partially shaded to full sunlight. Avoid placing the bamboo plant near areas that provide direct heat, such as heating vents, stoves, etc.
Water the bamboo frequently and deeply. Check the soil's moisture levels before each watering to avoid over watering. Place your finger approximately two inches deep into the soil near the roots. Water the bamboo plant when the soil moisture feels somewhat dry to dry. Do not allow the plant to dry out as this can cause dieback and plant stress.
Feed the voracious feeder before, during, and after its growing season. Use a water soluble, slow-release fertilizer with high levels of nitrogen such as a 30-10-10 (NPK) combination. Apply the fertilizer application only when the bamboo plant is healthy. Use a fertilizer with increased phosphorous levels to promote flowering like a 30-30-30 combination.
Prune the bamboo plant as needed. Control the size of the bamboo by topping off the vertical culm (the woody stem of the grass). Cut the topmost branch of the culm, trimming it down to the desired height. Always remove any withered culms from the plant. Cut the dying culm from the plant at soil level, trimming as close to the rhizome as possible. Use sharp, sterile scissors or pruning shears to complete the process.
Repot the bamboo plant every year. Remove the bamboo plant from its container. Gently remove the excess soil from the rhizomes and root system of the plant. Propagate the bamboo plant by cutting the clustered rhizomes. Use a sharp, sterile knife to complete the cutting. Replant the bamboo and water thoroughly to promote a good establishment.