Vines are vigorous growers that are relatively easy to care for. A healthy vine can grow miles long and can be easily wrapped and guided around trellises, fences and other landscapes to provide a pleasant setting. Vines grow as annuals and perennials. With the right combination, these vines can provide appealing color and contrast from early spring through early winter.
Select a planting location for the vines. Choose a location that provides at least six to eight hours of partially shaded to full sunlight each day. Pick a location that provides a vertical support for the vine to grow, such as a fence, trellis, or provided structure. Position a support system if one needs to be added. Do not wait until after the vines have begun developing to position the system.
Plant the vine in well-drained, nutrient-rich soil. Vines are relatively impartial to soil pH levels but prefer a loamy, moist environment. Promote a moist soil environment by mixing the native soil with an organic compost to promote increased soil moisture. Plant the vine so that its top layer of soil is elevated from the surrounding soil to promote increased drainage.
Water the vines regularly to maintain constant soil moisture. Remember that the vine root system is naturally shallow. Water the vines frequently to avoid drying out. Increase the watering schedule during the hot, dry summer months, and always reduce the schedule during periods of heavy rain.
Feed the vigorous growing vines during the growing season. Use a well-balanced, slow-release fertilizer with low doses of ingredients, such as a 2-1-3 or 6-6-6 (NPK) combination. Fertilize the vines every four to six weeks from early spring through late fall.
Prune the vines regularly. Remove any dead or dying foliage or blooms from the vines. Pinch away spent blooms to promote vigorous growth. Remove dead or dying branches in their entirety to prevent disease or infection. Gently untangle the vines as they grow to prevent the vines from choking themselves. Wrap them around the support if they are unable to attach themselves and crawl up the support. Never pull or yank the vines because this will cause damage.
Protect the vines from weed invasions and drought. Apply a layer of mulch around the diameter of the vine's planting area. Use organic mulch and apply layers approximately 1 to 2 inches thick during the growing season. Increase the thickness to 4 to 6 inches during the winter periods to protect from cold weather damage.