Mint is a widely used perennial herb and has a number of uses, including cooking, making tea, flavoring candies, relieving stomach pains and repelling mosquitoes. There are many varieties of mint, and they benefit from semi-fertile, well-drained soil. They only need to be watered during prolonged droughts (or if potted, when the soil dries out). Plants should be placed in an area where they will get plenty of sun for maximum growth.
Find a good location for your mint plants. Mint needs enough shade to stay somewhat moist, but it also needs a lot of sunlight. Since mint propagates aggressively, find a location that is away from other garden plants. You will also need spaces 12 to 18 inches wide for each plant. Potting also works well for mint plants.
Find an area with semi-fertile, well-drained soil. If you don't have sufficient soil, you may need to prepare it yourself. Mint is an adaptable plant and can grow in varying conditions, but ensuring soil quality will help the plant to thrive.
To improve inadequate soil for mint, dig up the soil to a depth of 12 to 18 inches. Mix five parts garden soil (that is, the soil you just dug up) with two parts peat moss and one part sand. The peat moss will provide the soil with fertility and the sand will help the water to drain around the roots of the plants.
If you need to contain the plants in a garden plot, dig a hole for each desired plant to the depth of the bottomless bucket. Put the top of the bucket about one inch beneath the surface and fill it with soil again.
Starting From Seed
Mint seeds can be planted directly outdoors or planted inside for later transplantation. They can also be potted. The ideal time to plant the seeds outdoors is in the spring, when the soil is warm.
Scatter the seeds throughout the area where they will be growing and cover them with a light layer of soil. Keep the ground moist until they sprout, but you do not need to water them afterward unless there is a long drought.
When the seedlings start to grow, remove some plants so that there is one plant per every square foot.