The pachira plant, commonly referred to as a money tree or good luck plant, is formally the Pachira aquatica (Guiana-chestnut). This small, vascular perennial is a fruit-producing tree that creates an edible nut. Its leaves, collected into sets of five, are elongated and glossy-green. The base of the trunk is quite thick compared to its very thin upper half and branches.
Select a container for the pachira plant. Choose a container that meets the tree's current size needs as well as the intended ones. Select a small- to medium-sized pot if the pachira is intended to be a houseplant. Be sure that the container includes a good drainage system to remove excess water from the root system.
Plant the pachira plant in nutrient-rich soil. Though the pachira is adaptable to soil variations, promote an ideal environment by mixing one-third organic compost to the soil, such as peat compost or oak leaf compost. Place a layer of soil at the bottom of the pot and position the pachira plant in the center. Fill the container with the remaining soil, pressing firmly to ensure the pachira is stable and upright.
Water the pachira thoroughly immediately after planting to promote a good establishment. Saturate the plant so that the water runs from the bottom of the container. Water regularly but allow the soil moisture to dry slightly before each watering. Never allow the tree to dry out completely.
Place the pachira plant in a warm, sunny location that provides at least 6 to 8 hours of filtered sunlight each day. Select a location that provides no more than 4 hours of direct sunlight to avoid foliage sunburn.
Feed the pachira plant lightly during its growing season. Select a well-balanced, slow-release fertilizer that includes nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium. Apply the fertilizer every 4 to 6 weeks at half strength. Avoid heavy fertilization as this will burn the pachira.
Dust pachira plants regularly to reduce the potential of airborne fungal diseases. Inspect the plant for signs of mite and insect infestation. Prune away any dead, dying or diseased areas from the plant. Treat infestations immediately to avoid spread and plant damage. Spray the plant with an insecticide spray. Always use the treatment only according to the directions. Speak with a local nursery specialist for diagnosis and treatment assistance.