The Norway maple, scientific name Acer platanoides, is a common shade and ornamental tree, typically seen on school campuses and along streets in America. Introduced from Europe around 1756, the Norway maple can cause problems when it "escapes" into the forest.
The native range of the Norway maple species is over all of Scandinavia, parts of Russia and throughout Central Europe as far southward as northern portions of Iran.
The Norway maple has leaves that resemble those of the sugar maple, with a diameter between 3 and 5 inches and three to five separate lobes. The best way to differentiate the two types is to look for a milky sap in the Norway maple that will ooze from the stem when picked.
The green flowers of a Norway maple appear early in the spring and the leaves, which turn an array of colors, usually remain on the tree longer than most other maple species in the autumn.
A popular kind of Norway maple is the Crimson King, which has reddish leaves. Other hybrid types of this tree have variegated leaves or dark green leaves.
When Norway maple seeds make their way into woodlands and sprout up, the tree's dense leaves have the ability to create such shade that other species receive little or no sunlight, inhibiting their growth.
- Norway Maple:Horticulture UConn
- "A Guide to Field Identification-Trees of North America"; C. Frank Brockman;1986
Norway maple trees, Norway maple features, Norway maple range
About this Author
John has written thousands of articles for Demand Studios, Associated Content and The Greyhound Review. A Connecticut native, John has written extensively about sports, fishing, and nature.