Houseplants will thrive if they are cared for correctly. There are seven areas of plant care that must be followed if the houseplants are to survive and flourish. Although each plant has different requirements, the components of caring for a plant are the same. You need to take care of house plants according to their specific needs, but pay close attention to the general needs of the specific house plant.
Water house plants as necessary. Some plants cannot be put on a watering schedule. The best way to check on whether a plant needs water is to feel the soil. Following the specific watering instructions for each plant.
Monitor exposure to light. Most plants will do well with indirect sunlight. However, some plants must have some direct sunlight to grow. Some plants will survive with artificial light, but, again, it depends on the specific need of the plant itself.
Use the proper soil. Most plants will thrive in regular potting soil, but plants such as the African violet will need African violet potting soil. Orchids need a medium fir bark mixture instead of soil.
Maintain the ideal temperature. For most house plants, this is between 65 and 75 degrees F. However, some plants have a lower temperature need during the night hours. Cacti, for instance, can live in extreme hot conditions during the day and cooler temperatures at night.
Keep the humidity correct for the plants. Placing gravel in the water catch tray under the planter will allow the water to drain out of the pot and sit in the gravel, which will provide humidity and drainage to the plant.
Use fertilizer to keep the soil healthy for growing plants. Most plants are happy with the standard house plant formula, but some, such as orchids and African violets, need specific fertilizers. Some house plants need time-release fertilizer rather than fast-acting fertilizer.
Choose the correct planters and containers for houseplants. The size and characteristics of the full-grown plant will help you decide what type of pot is needed. For instance, the spider plant will not produce babies until the roots are bound, so you would use a medium-size pot and never transplant to a bigger pot. However, deep rooting plants will need a deeper planter.