Raspberries are a delicious addition to your yard. They are hardy plants that produce fruit once or twice a year depending on the variety you plant. You can also choose between red, yellow, black and purple raspberries. If you have the space and time to care for them, it is well worth your trouble to plant raspberry canes.
Choose a site for your raspberry canes. They prefer full to partial sun, well-drained loamy soil that will retain some moisture and a pH of about 6.5. You can plant them in an open space or next to a fence or wall. Do not plant them near wild raspberries or blackberries to prevent competition for nutrients and space. To avoid disease, do not plant (for at least three years) anywhere where eggplants, tomatoes, strawberries or potatoes have been planted.
Prepare the soil for your raspberry canes. The summer before planting, remove all weeds as well as removing the weeds' root systems. Add organic matter such as compost, leaves, cut grass, straw or peat moss to the soil at this time and work it in with a tiller or pitchfork.
Plant in early autumn for the best results or at least by spring. To create a hedgerow, plant your canes 2 to 3 feet apart. For multiple rows, space the rows 6 to 8 feet apart. Use a shovel or hand shovel to dig a hole deep enough and wide enough to spread out the root system. You do not want the roots to be too deep, however. Spread the root system out in the hole making sure the highest root attachment on the cane is only 1 inch below the surface--no deeper than 2 inches. Cover the roots and gently but firmly push the soil back into place.
Water your raspberry canes thoroughly to help further settle the soil. Use pruning shears to prune the canes back to 6 inches if this was not done by the nursery. Add compost to the beds of your new raspberry plants in late winter.