Composting is the natural process of breaking down organic materials. Through composting, much of our everyday food waste and yard trimmings can be turned into fertilizer, mulch and nutrient-rich soil mix. Composting is an eco-friendly way to reduce landfill growth without having to spend a lot of time or money. By making a simple composting container, homeowners receive the added benefit of supplying their houseplants, lawns and gardens with an endless supply of organic matter. Not only does composting save homeowners the cost of buying fertilizer and soil enhancement mixes, it also helps in growing better lawns, vegetable gardens and flowers.
Look around your house or purchase a container with a tight fitting lid. Any container size and shape will do. It can be a plastic storage container, a kitchen pail, a wooden box, or even a milk carton. As long as it is sturdy and leak proof, it can be used as a composting container.
Drill 10 small holes into the bottom of the bin and on the lid. Drill three holes on each side of the container. This will allow air to flow freely into your compost bin. Good ventilation is an important ingredient in the composting process.
Build a composting foundation. At the bottom of the container, put a single layer of black and white newspapers, dry leaves or sawdust. Add dirt from your garden on top of this layer.
Fill your compost container with food and lawn waste. Use more garden dirt to cover the waste and, using a spray bottle, add a small amount of lukewarm water to moisten. Don't make the materials soggy or very wet.
Tend to your compost container every day by stirring the contents with a shovel. This will quicken the decomposition process. Your compost will be ready to use in three months.