How to Plant an Easy to Grow Vegetable Garden


Growing your own veggies is a simple and easy way to save a few grocery dollars in the summer months and longer if you chose to grow enough to can or freeze. A vegetable garden can be as big as a farm plot or as simple as a few plants tucked into a sunny backyard deck planter. No matter what your experience, you can grow a garden that fits your family's likes with the right plan.

Step 1

Mark out your garden plot. Be sure to chose an area that gets, if not full sun all day, at least sun for most of the day. Use the garden tiller to till up the area, tossing out any grass or weeds until you have dirt at a fine, powdery consistency.

Step 2

Take a sampling of your dirt in a clean container to your local agricultural extension office or full-service garden center for a free testing. They will determine what your garden's pH levels are and help you decide what, if anything, needs to be added to give your garden a balanced nutrient-rich soil for growing. Generally, vegetables need a soil rich in magnesium, potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus to grow. Your extension office or garden center will help you find the fertilizer needed to get the right mixture. If your soil is already balanced, a good 1-1-1 ratio fertilizer or compost can be added to the tilling to boost the nutrient supply.

Step 3

Plan your garden plot. Know what types of veggies you wish to grow and research the amount of room each needs to grow successfully. Corn, for example, is not usually recommended for backyard garden plots. Corn stalks produce just a few ears and take up a lot of nutrients. For the investment, you can purchase a lot more fresh corn from a farmer's market. Tomatoes, peppers, beans, peas, squash, carrots, onions, lettuce, cucumbers and radishes are just some of the easiest to grow for a starter gardener.

Step 4

Sow early seeds, such as onions and carrots, in mid-spring. Using a hoe, dig a trench and plant seeds in a row. Mark your row with a stake at each end and label, if desired. When seeds start to sprout, thin out as instructed on the seed packaging.

Step 5

Plant seedling plants after the threat of frost has passed in mid-to-late spring. Tomatoes, depending on the variety, need 2 to 4 feet between plants to grow. Peppers need slightly less.

Step 6

Sow later seeds such as cucumbers, beans and peas when you plant your seedlings. Using a trellis to grow sprawling plants like these will maximize your space and keep your veggies healthier.

Tips and Warnings

  • Use fertilizer as instructed for your particular plants' needs. Vegetables grown in correct soil will need little fertilizer while growing. Too much fertilizer can mean huge gorgeous plants that never produce fruit.

Things You'll Need

  • Garden tiller or hoe
  • Clean small container
  • Soil additives as needed
  • Notebook and pen
  • Spade
  • Vegetable seeds and seedling plants
  • Fertilizer or compost
  • Water
  • Wooden stakes
  • String or twine


  • How to Grow a Vegetable Garden
  • Backyard Vegetable Garden

Who Can Help

  • Balancing Soil Nutrition
Keywords: veggie garden, beginner gardener, backyard garden

About this Author

Bobbi Keffer attended Kent State University, studying education but soon found her true love to be in the garden. She prides herself on her frugal skills, re-using, recycling, and re-inventing her whimsical style in her home and garden.