Pear trees are an elegant addition to any Midwest, Southern or Northeastern garden. These oval-shaped trees vary somewhat by type, but all prefer a sunny location with well-drained soil. Most pear trees produce white blossoms in the spring and fruit in the late summer or fall. Gardeners desiring fruit-producing trees will want to plant two different types of pear trees, to facilitate cross-pollination.
The Bartlett pear tree is the most popular in America. It thrives in full sun in growing zones 5 through 7. The oval-shaped tree grows to a 12 to 20-foot spread and produces large, round, smooth-fleshed fruit. This tree produces white blossoms in early to mid-spring and is ready to harvest in mid-August to mid-September.
The Keifer pear tree is a long-lived specimen that produces juicy yellow fruit with a red blush. This tree thrives in growing zones 5 through 9 and will reach 15 to 30-feet high with a 12 to 30-foot spread at maturity. The Keifer pear is a late bloomer and blossoms in late spring and its fruit is ready to harvest in late September.
The Orient pear, or Asian pear, produces a yellow, creamy fruit in mid-August to mid-September. This tree prefers well-drained soil with adequate water, but will tolerate short periods of wetness or drought. This fast-growing tree will be around 12 to 20-feet high at maturity with a spread of around 12 to 20-feet. It thrives in growing zones 5 through 8.
This pear tree, also sometimes referred to as Cleveland Select, thrives in growing zones 5 through 8. Unlike the Bartlett pear, this tree is adaptable to a number of soil types and will tolerant some dryness. The oval-shaped tree is medium to fast-growing and produces 1-inch, white blossoms in late April to early May. A full-grown Chanticleer can grow as high as 25 to 35 feet.