When you start a lawn from seed, you will be growing your own lawn for the least amount of money, and with little effort. The only disadvantage to starting a lawn from seed is that it takes time for the lawn to be ready for mowing. If you do this in early spring or fall, time will not be as much of a factor.
Prepare the ground. Remove debris such as rocks, branches or leaves. Set the rototiller to dig 6 inches into the soil. Start working the ground as you would if you were mowing grass. Go slowly in a north to south pattern, starting at the left side of the area and working to the right side. Turn the tiller to an east to west line and repeat the procedure.
Even out the ground with a stiff claw rake using back and forth motions. Take out any rocks or roots you have turned up.
Spread the fertilizer. Load seed spreader with four pounds of starter fertilizer per every 1,000 square feet of ground. Use the settings on the spreader to lay out the fertilizer. Spread the fertilizer using the same pattern of movement as you did for the rototiller. This will ensure good coverage. Let the fertilizer sit for two weeks before applying seed. This allows the fertilizer to mix into the ground.
Spread the seed. Load the seed spreader with four pounds of seed per every 1,000 square feet of ground you are seeding. Use the settings for the spreader to do this step as well. Repeat the movement as directed in the previous steps to ensure good coverage.
Rake the area lightly to cover the seeds. Get a good thin layer, about an inch, of topsoil over the seeds so they don't blow away or get eaten by birds and animals.
Water the ground. Set the sprinkler in the middle of the area for small areas; for larger areas, work on one side first, then move to the other side. Let the sprinkler run until the ground is wet but not soaked. The ground will be a dark color and should be wet down to 6 inches to ensure adequate watering.
Cover the ground with peat moss so the moisture stays in the soil and weeds don't overrun the grass. Use the cage roller to apply the peat moss in similar fashion to how you applied the fertilizer and seeds. Fill the roller halfway with peat moss and apply a thin layer over the entire area.