Kalanchoe is in the family Crassulaceae with many succulents found within the genus. Most kalanchoe species that are popular with growers are native to Madagascar and South Africa. Kalanchoe blossfeldiana is a common houseplant and is grown outdoors in the tropical and subtropical regions of the U.S. Its evergreen leaves and bright spikes of flowers make it a popular choice for gardeners wanting tropical looks with color. Kalanchoe is easy to grow as well as quite drought tolerant, making it a good choice for the novice gardener.
Grow kalanchoe outdoors in regions where the temperature does not regularly dip into the 40s and the daytime temperatures are warm. Grow kalanchoe in containers in regions that are cooler, so you will be able to bring them indoors during winter.
Grow kalanchoe plants in areas of your garden that receive full sunlight, for the best blooms and growth. Situate container-grown plants on a porch or inside in an area that receives high light, such as a window or door.
Plant kalanchoe plants outdoors in a well draining soil medium amended with compost. Work the compost into the planting area before placing the plant there. Do not plant kalanchoe plants in soil that retains water or is prone to flooding.
Plant container grown kalanchoe plants in containers that have a drain hole. Use a lightweight potting medium that drains very well, such as a cactus mix.
Rid the planting site of any weeds, grasses or other vegetation that can compete with the kalanchoe's growth. Keep the area clean at all times. Wait several weeks before placing plants into the ground, if herbicides were used to kill the vegetation.
Fertilize container grown kalanchoe plants with a 10-10-10 water-soluble fertilizer every other month. Fertilize outdoor plants with an all-purpose granular fertilizer in the spring and summer. Spray the entire foliage with a water-soluble fertilizer every couple of months.
Prune kalanchoe plants only to remove dead leaves or flowers. Cut branches to propagate a new plant. Allow the cutting to dry out for several days before placing it into a container of potting medium. Water the cutting to keep the soil slightly moist.