The red banana plant or red Abyssinian originated in Eastern Africa. This particular variety of banana plant is extremely heat tolerant and thrives in a hot desert climate like that of Phoenix, Arizona. As with all banana plants, the red banana requires some care initially, but once a root system is established, it will flourish without much care at all.
Prepare the soil by digging a 4-foot-deep hole and filling with equal amounts of natural mulch, potting soil and perlite pebbles. Natural mulch adds acidity, moisture and nutrients to the soil, encouraging fast growth of the tree's roots. Potting soil contains additional vitamins necessary for vigorous growth and overall plant health. It is also free of any diseases that may have been present in the natural soil. Perlite pebbles provide texture to the soil, encouraging proper drainage.
Water the tree daily while it is establishing its root system. After the first two weeks watering can be decreased to whenever desired. For the best results, the tree should be watered at least every three days.
Fertilize using a quick-release fertilizer every three to five weeks. Red bananas respond well to fertilizers, so routine fertilization is a must for fruit production.