Hostas are one of the most popular landscaping plants because they are not only very attractive but easy to grow and very hardy. Foliage comes in many shades of green, blue and yellow and some are even variegated. The Hosta originates from Japan, China and Korea and there are over 2,500 cultivars on the market today. There is even a miniature Hosta called Baby Bunting. Hosta plants produce flowers in the summer that look like lilies, in lavender colors and white. There are even some hybrids that have fragrant white flowers that can be as long as six inches.
Choose a location that receives morning sun and afternoon shade. You will also want an area in your landscape that is higher than the area around it. If you do not have any high areas, you may want to consider making a raised bed. Hostas require very well draining soil.
Dig or till the Hosta bed to a depth of 12 to 16 inches deep and twice the diameter of your variety of Hosta at maturity. Read the label on your plant to see how big it will grow. Some Hostas will grow to an eight foot width. Plan on planting other Hostas twice the width apart or other plants at least one width apart.
Place six inches of a compost, leaf mold mixture on top of the tilled bed and till it into the soil. You can work it in with a shovel also but tilling takes less time and distributes the mixture much more evenly. You can rent a garden tiller at most tool rental stores.
Dig a hole in the amended soil a little larger than the root ball and mound the soil at the bottom of the hole.
Remove the Hosta from the container and gently knock off any dirt attached to the root ball. Separate the roots and drape them over the mound in the hole.
Place an inch or so of soil over the roots and water in. This will compact the soil around the root and prevent air pockets which can damage the root system. Continue to add a couple inches of soil and water in until the entire root ball is covered. Press down firmly at the top so soil is level with the surrounding ground.
Water the plant well and deeply immediately after planting to establish the roots. Hostas require at least an inch of water per week. It is more beneficial to water for longer periods of time less often than a little bit every day. Give extra water during dry, hot periods.
Apply a 10-10-10 fertilizer in the fall and then again in the following spring. Continue to fertilize every six weeks thereafter. Read the manufacturer's directions as to the amount to be used.