Miniature bushes enhance a garden and create a aromatic scent to your outdoor space. Pruning and cutting back roses is an essential maintenance process to begin when the roses are young. Start by removing dead and weak branches to free up nutrients to the young bush. As the bush matures, the typical pruning process calls for removing about one-half of the bush's height and removing old and weak canes. Remember that keeping your bushes properly pruned will ensure a healthy and long-lasting bush.
Prune the miniature rose in the early spring when the new season's wood is fresh and emerging from winter's dormancy. These roses will produce the best flowers on new growth.
Rake away all old leaves and canes around the base of the bush. Insects hide within this moist environment so it's best to remove all debris to prevent harming the rose bush.
Remove all dead canes that are diseased and damaged by cutting them off at the base. Remove all small and weak canes. Open up the rose bush by cutting off all branches that cross the central stem.
Remove all thin branches that are pencil-sized or smaller to free up nutrients for the central canes. This will ensure more light penetrates the miniature rose bush.
Cut off tiny green shoots that grow off the central stem of the bush. Remove all suckers, or shoots that grow out of the roots of the rose bush, as soon as they emerge.
Leave three to five healthy branches evenly spaced around the rose bush. According to the University of Illinois Extension, "Cut these canes back, leaving 3 to 5 outward-facing buds." Paint the open wound with sealing compound to ensure disease does not infect the roses.