How to Control Daylilies

Overview

Daylilies (Hemerocallis fulva) are one of the most common bulb plants in America. These showy flowers are easy to grow, extremely hardy and make terrific cut flowers, as they can last a long time in a vase. Some of the over 40,000 cultivators also have a wonderful fragrance. Daylililes, however, are not true bulb plants. They have extremely thick tubers which send up new sprouts. They also reproduce by seed, but it's the tubers that cause rapid spreading. The tubers tend to grow into each other, forming large, hard clumps of root masses that can be almost impossible to separate.

Step 1

Choose locations that make it difficult for daylilies to spread. These hardy flowers will grow just about anywhere, but if they get full sun and well-drained soil they will spread more rapidly than you would believe. Instead, plant them in a shady location, such as under a tree where the tubers will have to compete with thick tree roots.

Step 2

Separate them frequently. Use a shovel to dig up the tubers every 2 years in the fall and break them apart with your hands or with the shovel. Make sure there is a sprout on each section of tuber. Then, replant them as new plants or give them away. Separating them frequently will ensure that they do not grow together.

Step 3

Place a border around your daylilies. There are many flexible borders you can buy that are made to sink into the ground and surround the plant, thus preventing the horizontal spread of the tubers. Most are marketed to contain bamboo plants. Dig a trench about 6 inches around your flowers, and insert the border, overlapping the ends. Fill it in with soil. Note that the daylilies will continue to spread within the bordered area, however.

Tips and Warnings

  • Even small fragments of a tuber can sprout new daylilies, so make sure you remove the entire root system if you do not want any more lilies to grow in that location.

Things You'll Need

  • Daylily bulbs or established plants
  • Shovel
  • Plant border

References

  • Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas
  • Daylilies.org: FAQs

Who Can Help

  • University of Minnesota: Growing Daylilies
Keywords: control daylilies, propagation, tubers

About this Author

April Sanders has been a writer and educator for 11 years. She is a published curriculum writer and has provided academic content for several subscription databases. Sanders holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in social psychology and a Master's degree in information sciences and technology.