Phyllostachys, otherwise known as bamboo, can provide a pleasing ground cover, giving the yard some privacy when the long stems of grass get high. This plant is a perennial grass that can flower under the right conditions. However, the plant may only flower once in its lifetime. Achieving a height of 3 to 6 feet is easy when you know how to plant Phyllostachys and care for it so that the plant will flourish.
Use the shovel to make a 2 foot deep trench the length of the area where you will plant the bamboo. Make the trench as wide as you like, but to shorten the fill in time of the hedge, make the trench about 2 feet wide. Press down the soil in the bottom of the trench so that it is flat, but not totally compacted.
Use a wheelbarrow to place the soil that was removed for the trench in and add compost to that soil. Mix up with your hands.
Place the plants into the trench spacing the plants out 1 to 2 feet apart. Add the compost and soil mixture around the plants and fill in the trench. Do not compact the soil. The bamboo plant needs a loose soil to grow and spread.
Water the soil and do not make it soggy, but wet to the touch. If the rainy season is upon you, you may not need to add any additional water, but planting when no rain is expected, you will need to keep the soil moist by watering. Test the soil with your finger to tell when the plant needs additional water.