The best time to transplant rose cuttings into the garden is during the fall; this will give the plants time to become established before the winter arrives. Depending on the climate in your area, precautions may be necessary to help your transplanted roses survive the winter.
Select an area of your garden that has good drainage and receives at least six hours of sun each day to transplant your rose cuttings. If you live in a colder climate, select an area of your garden that receives full sun all day. Air circulation is also important to your rose plants, but they do not enjoy a windy environment. If you are planting more than one rose cutting, leave at least 2 feet between plants.
Test the pH level of the soil where you plan to plant your roses. Roses prefer slightly acidic to neutral pH levels ranging between 6.5 and 7.1. You can alter the pH levels of your soil by adding limestone to increase the alkalinity or sulfur to increase the acidity.
Dig a hole to accommodate the rose cutting cane and insert it into the ground. Mound the soil 3 to 4 inches around the cane. Water the transplant well.
Add a layer of organic mulch such as pine bark on the soil around the cane, but do not let the mulch touch the cane. Mulch helps retain moisture around the rose plants, and helps protect them from freezing temperatures.
Grow your rose cuttings in container indoors and transplant them in the spring if you live in climates with harsh winters.