How to Plant Skullcap


Skullcap is an herb that has been used to relax the nerves and relieve anxiety for over 200 years. The plant is native to North America. Skullcap develops dish-shaped blue flowers from mid-summer through fall, which then turn to seedpods. Its a beneficial herb to add to your medicinal garden if you're looking for a relaxant to soothe your nerves.

Step 1

Begin planting your skullcap indoors eight weeks before the last frost. Fill your flat with potting soil.

Step 2

Sow two skullcap seeds in each section of your starter tray at a depth of 1/4 inch.

Step 3

Add just enough water to the flats to moisten the soil.

Step 4

Put the flats in your refrigerator to cold stratify the seeds. Make sure the temperature is set between 40 to 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Leave the flats in the refrigerator for seven days.

Step 5

Remove your skullcap flat from the refrigerator and put the cover over the flat to increase humidity. Set your flat in a sunny location.

Step 6

Water your flat to moisten the soil well daily. When a set of true leaves appear on each plant, begin to thin them out. Remove the weakest plant from each section so that there is only one seedling in each section of the flat.

Step 7

Select an area that gets full to partial sun in your garden. Skullcap does well in marshland areas so soil that holds water works well for skullcap.

Step 8

Mix high nitrogen compost fertilizer into the soil where your want to grow your skullcap.

Step 9

Transplant your seedlings after the last frost. Dig a hole large enough for the root ball. Set your plant in the hole and press the soil around the roots firmly. Transplant your remaining skullcap seedlings by spacing them 1 foot apart in rows 2 feet apart.

Things You'll Need

  • Starter tray
  • Potting soil
  • Skullcap seeds
  • Refrigerator
  • High nitrogen compost fertilizer


  • University of Maryland: Skullcap
  • Skullcap Facts
  • Natural Medicine
Keywords: skullcap planting, medicinal plants, relaxant

About this Author

Based in Ann Arbor, Michigan, Robin Coe has reported on a variety of subjects for over 15 years. Coe is the former publisher of the politics and art magazine Flesh from Ashes. She has worked to protect water and air quality. Coe holds a Bachelor of Science in journalism with a double-major in international politics from Bowling Green State University.