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Ficus Tree Information

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Ficus Tree Information

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Overview

Ficus trees (Ficus), more commonly called fig trees, are perennial plants of the Moraceae family. Ficus trees are native to Asia and have been successfully cultivated in Europe, North Africa, England, Mexico and the United States.

Types

There are approximately 755 ficus tree species, including the weeping fig (Ficus benjamina), the India rubber tree (Ficus elastica), the fiddleleaf fig (Ficus lyrata) and the Cuban laurel leaf (Ficus retusa).

Features

Features vary widely according to ficus species. Most ficus trees have gray or red leaves and bear two fig fruit crops every year.

Diseases

Ficus trees are susceptible to a number of fungal and bacterial diseases, primarily bacterial leafspot (Erwinia chrysanthemi), anthracnose (Colletotrichum) and sooty mold (Hemiptera). Other common diseases include crown gall (Agrobacterium tumefaciens) and xanthomonas leaf spot (Xanthomonas campestris).

Significance of Diseases

Bacterial leaf spot causes small, watery lesions, while anthracnose causes brown, circular lesions that often contain fungal spores. Sooty mold causes a black film to form on the affected stems or leaves.

Other Problems

Ficus trees are susceptible to several pests, including the foliar nematode (Aphelenchoides besseyi), lesion nematode (Pratylenchus) and root knot nematode (Meloidogyne). Mealybugs, scales and thrips like to feed on ficus tree foliage and fruit.

Fun Fact

The smyrna fig tree can't bear fruit without the pollination efforts of a specific wasp (Blastophaga psenes).

References

  • Introduction to Ficus
  • Ficus Tree Diseases
  • Ficus Disease Problems

Who Can Help

  • Fig (Ficus) Trees
  • Ficus Production Guide
Keywords: ficus tree information, information on ficus trees, information about ficus trees, ficus tree facts

About this Author

Cat Carson has been a writer, editor and researcher for the past decade. She has professional experience in a variety of media, including the Internet, newspapers, newsletters and magazines. Her work has appeared on websites like eHow.com and GardenGuides.com, among others. Carson holds a master’s degrees in writing and cultural anthropology, and is currently working on her doctoral degree in psychology.