To start vegetable plants by seeds you need a slight amount of planning and preparation to make your garden a success. Growing vegetable plants from seeds is easy, with the hardest part being the initial planting of the seeds. The remainder of time is used to monitor the progress, thinning out plants and watching for disease or bugs.
Choose the vegetables to plant. Picking a favorite vegetable to grow requires knowing what variety of your favorite to use. Consider the difficulty in growing the specific variety as well as the amount of care each vegetable plant will take.
Find suitable ground. Use ground which isn't near rocks or root systems. Rocky ground or ground near trees or brush will cause problems for the vegetable plant roots as they grow, especially for root vegetables such as carrots and radish. Look for open space if you are planting vine plants such as peas, beans or some varieties of tomato. Look for sloping ground or hills for cucumbers or potatoes because these vine vegetable plants require hills to grow properly.
Read the seed packet. The information on the back of the seed packet will give you instructions on planting depth, row and seed spacing and growing times for your area. Use this information to gauge the space requirements and time frame for your vegetable plants to grow by seeds.
Prepare the garden area for planting. Using a garden rake and hoe, dig up the garden until the soil is very loose and easily broken apart by hand. Work the entire area to remove unwanted plants such as weeds or grass. Use a rototiller for best results because you want to remove all plant roots as well to keep unwanted plants from returning.
Tear open the bottom of the seed packet. You will be using the seed packet for identification of what you planted so you want the information on the packet facing upright. Dig the trench for each vegetable you are planting according to the packet instructions; for hills, dig in a circular motion, moving the soil into the center of the circle to form the hill. Spread the seeds out as directed and cover with the soil.
Water the ground with a water sprinkler. Get the ground wet until it is damp to the touch but not soaked. You don't want standing water because the seeds will drown. Tamp the soil gently to keep the seeds in place. Birds and other animals will try to dig out the seeds if they are spotted on top of the soil.