Steps to Take Care of a Vegetable Garden


Experience the satisfaction of growing your very own crop of vegetables and save lots of money in the process. Accomplish this through taking the proper steps to care for the vegetables and you will collect the rewards at harvesting time. Providing the best growing conditions and needs of the plants ensures your vegetables will develop and thrive. All the vegetables are planted in the ground, so start planning now.

Step 1

Provide ample water to your vegetable garden. Supply growing vegetables with at least 1 and up to 2 inches of water per week.

Step 2

Check the top 2 inches of soil to see if it's dry. Water garden thoroughly when it is.

Step 3

Keep the weeds out of your garden to provide proper growing conditions. Use a hoe to cultivate the area around your vegetables and get rid of any weeds.

Step 4

Use a shovel to add from 4 to 6 inches of organic mulch around the vegetables to deter weeds, retain moisture in the topsoil and eliminate the need to cultivate. Pull by hand any weeds that do emerge.

Step 5

Inspect vegetables regularly and look for changes in color, spots appearing or weak areas on all parts of the plants.

Step 6

Contact your local university extension program for details on identifying and managing problems found. Diseases and pests vary according to your area and vegetables grown.

Step 7

Harvest at the proper time to ensure best flavor. Know when your specific garden vegetables are ripe.

Tips and Warnings

  • Only use herbicides as directed and when other means fail.

Things You'll Need

  • Gloves
  • Hoe
  • Water supply
  • Mulch (optional)
  • Shovel


  • University of Arizona Extension: The Vegetable Garden
  • Iowa State University Extension: Planting a Home Vegetable Garden
  • University of Minnesota Extension: Planting the Vegetable Garden

Who Can Help

  • North Carolina State University Extension: Home Vegetable Gardening
  • University of Illinois Extension: Illinois Vegetable Garden Guide
  • USDA Cooperative Extension Offices
Keywords: growing vegetable gardens, growing conditions, garden care