Information on Bougainvillea


Bougainvillea is native to South America. It is a member of the Nyctaginaceae family along with the four o'clock and the sand verbena. The plant flowers mostly in the winter and spring, but it can flower all year long.


Bougainvillea is an evergreen plant with a gnarled trunk. The flowers can be purple, lavender, carmine, scarlet, red, pink, orange, yellow and white, and can be either single or double blooms.


Bougainvillea can be grown outdoors in a hot climate. In the continental United States, that is in zones 9 and 10. Farther north, it needs to be grown in containers and brought indoors in the fall.


Bougainvillea needs full sun and soil that is a bit moist, well drained and rich in nitrogen.


Several varieties of bougainvillea are used for bonsai. It can be grown as a tree, hedge, horizontally along the ground as a ground cover or in a hanging basket.


Bougainvillea can be attacked by caterpillars, aphids, scale and greenfly insects. It can also contract chlorosis because of mineral deficiencies and fungal diseases due to over watering and high humidity.


  • Bougainvillea Facts
  • Bougainvillea Information
Keywords: bougainvilleas, hanging baskets, container plants

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Regina Sass is based in the Adirondack Region of New York State. She has been a writer for 10 years writing for publications in the real estate and retail industries. Online experience includes writing,advertising and editing for an educational web site. Sass is a member of the Society of Professional Journalists.