There are two main classifications for pear trees--Asian and European. The Asian pear has a texture very much like an apple, while the European pear is softer. There is another fact to consider when choosing which type of pear to grow: the European pear tree is self-pollinating while the Asian pear is not. Therefore, should you choose to grow an Asian pear tree, you must plant an additional one to aid in pollination. Whichever you decide to plant, pear trees are easy to grow and care for.
Stratify the seeds by placing them in a refrigerator for at least 3 months. Moisten the sphagnum moss and wring all the excess water from it. Place the seed in the moss and then place the moss in the plastic bag. Put the bag in the refrigerator.
Pour potting soil and compost or rotted manure (equal parts) into a small pot with good drainage. Moisten the mix and allow it to drain. Make a small hole in the soil and place the seed inside and then cover it with the soil. The seed will need warm temperatures in order to germinate so place the pot in an area with lots of sunshine and that is at least 70 degrees F. Mist the soil with a fine spray to keep it moist.
Germination of your pear tree seed should occur within 90 days, usually much sooner. Keep it warm and moist.
Plant your seedling in the garden in the spring. Choose a sunny location with enough room for the pear tree to spread out. The mature pear tree can measure 12 to 20 feet in width.