Avocado trees are an ideal addition to any garden or landscape for their shade, bright green hue and delicious harvest. They are slow to grow, but after maturity they need little care. Pruning a small young avocado tree is necessary to encourage the growth of the tree, but there are some key things to keep in mind while pruning to ensure that you do it correctly.
Prune back any broken or dead branches on the avocado tree. You can do this at any time during the year in order to promote growth and prevent any damage or disease in the tree.
Prune the rest of the avocado tree during early summer or winter. Removing a lot of growth is not necessary; in fact, it is best to remove as little healthy green growth as possible.
Prevent irregular growth (common in young avocado trees) by shaping the tree. Use the pruning saw or shears to cut off the branch tips or pinch off shoots from the terminal buds. Do this during the first couple of years' growth to create a shapely and full avocado tree.
Promote tree growth by pruning as close to the lateral hanging branch as possible if you choose to remove a large branch, either to thin out the tree or if it is too low to the ground (usually within 3 feet of the ground is too low). Other than that, small pruning only is necessary.